Dollars: From Hunters, for Wildlife
State Licenses, Tags and Permits
New York was the first state to require a hunting license in 1908. By 1928 every state was benefiting from a dedicated source of funding for the new science of wildlife management, totally supported by hunting licenses. In 2000 15.1 million licensed hunters contributed over $580 million to state fish and wildlife agencies. Combined with fishing license sales, that total exceeded $1 billion. Since 1923, sales of state hunting license, tags, and permits have provided more than 9.1 billion toward wildlife management, habitat, acquisition, enhancement, conservation law enforcement, shooting range, construction and hunter education.
Federal Duck Stamps
Legislation authorizing the Federal Duck Stamp Program was passed in 1934. Since that time hunters have provided well over $500 million for wetland purchase and protection through this program. The preliminary report from 2000 indicates over 1.7 million stamps were sold, and the revenue generated by the sales of the duck stamps totaled over $25.2 million.
Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act of 1937
Better known today as the Pittman-Robertson (P-R) Act, this law imposes an 11% excise tax on firearms and ammunition, an 11% excise tax on certain archery equipment, and a 10% tax on pistols and revolvers. The P-R Act was adopted with the strong backing of sportsmen in response to wildlife population declines caused in large part by land use effects on wildlife habitat. P-R funds support wildlife management, hunter education programs and shooting range development. In 200 P-R funds totaled 167.8 million. Since its enactment sixty years ago, the P-R Act has distributed over $3.8 billion to state fish and wildlife agencies.
Millions of American hunters donate money, time, and hard work toward the conservation of wildlife and other renewable resources. This takes place through local club projects, state conservation and hunting organizations, and many national associations. Conservative estimates of monetary and in-kind donations exceed tens of millions annually.
Our Nationa's Economy
The 1996 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife Associated Recreation conducted every five years reports that in 1996 hunting expenditures alone totaled $20.6 billion. Hunting equipment expenditures were $11.3 billion, trip-related expenses totaled $5.2 billion, and other expenses such as land leases, membership dues and licenses, totaled $4.1 billion. Hundreds of thousands of jobs throughout numerous industries in the United States depend upon these hunting-related expenditures every year.
The Final Tally
Hunters through all these various revenue sources, now provide over $745.2 million annually for wildlife conversation and hunter education. Combined with fishing and trapping licenses, and taxes as well, the total sport's contribution for 2000 was over $3.7 billion.